Introduction

   Situated in the mid-western part of Korea, 160 km south of Pyongyang, it is a beautiful city with a long history. It was the old capital of Koryo (918-1392), the first unified state of Korea, for nearly 500 years. The town is on the Military Demarcation Line which divides the Korean peninsula into two parts, drawn by foreign forces.

   It is also home to Koryo Insam, a world-famous medicinal herb.

   The area of Kaesong is a singular tourist destination. In the area there are Panmunjom and concrete wall as well as many places of historical interest and scenic spots. Visits to them will offer a glimpse of the time-honoured history and developed culture of Korea and the tragedy of the divided Korean nation.

   In Juche 102 (2013), 12 historical relics and remains in Kaesong were registered as the World Heritage Sites.

   You can visit Kaesong by train or by car and it is better to travel along the Pyongyang-Kaesong highway. Halfway between Pyongyang and Kaesong there is Sugok Tea House for travellers and a few tunnels further on, you can see fossil footprints of a dinosaur 180 million years ago.

Tourist attractions

Phyochung Monuments

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   Two monuments are in a house near the Sonjuk Bridge with a road in between. One of them was built in 1740 by King Yongjo and the other in 1872 by King Kojong to make the people loyal to the feudal Joson dynasty, following the example of Jong Mong Ju, a loyal subject of Koryo. The monuments stand on tortoise shells bearing the handwriting of the kings in praise of Jong Mong Ju.

   The tortoises made up of monolith, patterns of lotus flowers and wriggling dragons carved on the eaves are precious historical and cultural heritage showing the remarkable cultural talent of the Korean people. It was registered as a world heritage site in Juche 102(2013).