Introduction

   Situated in the mid-western part of Korea, 160 km south of Pyongyang, it is a beautiful city with a long history. It was the old capital of Koryo (918-1392), the first unified state of Korea, for nearly 500 years. The town is on the Military Demarcation Line which divides the Korean peninsula into two parts, drawn by foreign forces.

   It is also home to Koryo Insam, a world-famous medicinal herb.

   The area of Kaesong is a singular tourist destination. In the area there are Panmunjom and concrete wall as well as many places of historical interest and scenic spots. Visits to them will offer a glimpse of the time-honoured history and developed culture of Korea and the tragedy of the divided Korean nation.

   In Juche 102 (2013), 12 historical relics and remains in Kaesong were registered as the World Heritage Sites.

   You can visit Kaesong by train or by car and it is better to travel along the Pyongyang-Kaesong highway. Halfway between Pyongyang and Kaesong there is Sugok Tea House for travellers and a few tunnels further on, you can see fossil footprints of a dinosaur 180 million years ago.

Tourist attractions

Mausoleum of King Wang Kon

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   It is in Haeson-ri 6km north of Kaesong City.

   It is the mausoleum of King Wang Kon (877-943) who was the founder of Koryo, the first unified state in Korea. It was rebuilt on January 31, Juche 83 (1994) on the occasion of his 1 117th birthday.

   Occupying an area of 55 000㎡, it is one of the World Heritage Sites. There are the tomb of King Wang Kon, his portrait, stone sculptures depicting civilian officials and military officials famous for their wisdom and courage, fine art pieces showing the struggle of Koryo people, a gate to the mausoleum and hall for memorial services embodying the architectural skill at that time.

   In front of the gate stands a monument bearing the handwriting of President Kim Il Sung which reads “Monument to the Reconstruction of the Mausoleum of King Wang Kon, Founder of Koryo”. Visitors can go into the mausoleum and see its interior and mural paintings. There is a large park in front of the mausoleum.