Introduction

   Pyongyang is situated on the middle plain in the northwest of the Korean peninsula.

   Its name means “a flat land”.

   The Taedong River, one of the longest rivers in Korea, runs through the city, and there extend vast plains on both sides of the river, dotted with low hills.

   Topographically, the northern mountains keep off the cold northwestern wind in winter, and the eastern and southern plains are exposed to cool southeastern and southwestern wind, thus providing favorable conditions for tour activities.

   The average annual temperature is 9.5℃ and the average annual precipitation is about 1 000㎜.

   In spring, Pyongyang presents the scene of a sea of flowers as in Mangyongdae famous for beautiful landscape and various kinds of flowers are in full bloom on Moran Hill, which is called a garden of the capital and the streets lined up with apricot trees.

   Walking along the banks of the Taedong and Pothong rivers is fine, and the boating on the rivers adds luster to the attractiveness of the city in summer.

   The scene of Pyongyang in autumn is very charming for clear and blue sky, fresh air and autumnal tints on the hills.

   In winter when it snows in large flakes, the mild weather, white snow and frostworks give rise to a special feeling of the city.

   Pyongyang is a city associated with time-honored history, brilliant culture, wisdom and talents of the Korean nation.

   It is one of the cradles of mankind and a city of culture with 5 000-year-long history.

   There remain a lot of historical relics left by the Korean ancestors one million years ago, which prove the emergence of mankind.

   It was the capital of Ancient Joson (early 30th century B.C.-108 B.C.), the first state in Korea, and Koguryo (277 B.C.-A.D.668), a millennium power in the East. There are many historical relics showing the long history and brilliant culture of the Korean people, including the Mausoleum of Tangun, founder-king of Ancient Joson, and the Mausoleum of Tongmyong, founder-king of Koguryo.

   After Korea’s liberation from the Japanese military occupation on August 15, Juche 34 (1945), Pyongyang began to open a new page in the history of its development as the capital of the DPRK.

   In the city there is the native home in Mangyongdae where the President was born.

   In the city the glorious Workers’ Party of Korea was founded in October Juche34 (1945) and the DPRK, in September Juche37 (1948).

   During the three-year-long Korean war (June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953), the city was completely ruined by bombing.

   After the ceasefire, it has been turned into a modern and beautiful city. It boasts of attractive green foliage and all kinds of flowers and many monumental edifices, including the Tower of the Juche Idea and the Arch of Triumph.

   Today Pyongyang is changing into a more magnificent and beautiful city of creation, construction and miracle day by day.

Tourist attractions

Tower of the Juche Idea

Mac Sunglasses Play

   It is located on the bank of the Taedong River in the eastern part of Pyongyang.
   It was erected in April Juche 71 (1982) on the occasion of the 70th birthday of President Kim Il Sung to glorify forever the ideological and theoretical exploits of the President who authored the immortal Juche idea.
   It is made up of white granite pieces by applying the Korean traditional style of building a stone tower. It is the highest of those known in the world.
   It consists of a tower body, a torch, a three-person group statue, sub-thematic group sculptures, two pavilions and two fountains sending up a jet of water 150 metres high.
   The tower body symbolizes the ideological and theoretical feats performed by the President, and the torch the greatness and validity of the Juche idea, which illuminates the road ahead of mankind.
   Displayed in a niche of the tower are the precious stone plaques sent by heads of states and governments, individual figures and the adherents of the Juche idea in many countries around the world.
   The tower is 170 metres high (tower body 150 metres, torch 20 metres).
   A lift brings tourists to an observatory of the tower, which commands a bird’s-eye view of beautiful Pyongyang.