Introduction

   Pyongyang is situated on the middle plain in the northwest of the Korean peninsula.

   Its name means “a flat land”.

   The Taedong River, one of the longest rivers in Korea, runs through the city, and there extend vast plains on both sides of the river, dotted with low hills.

   Topographically, the northern mountains keep off the cold northwestern wind in winter, and the eastern and southern plains are exposed to cool southeastern and southwestern wind, thus providing favorable conditions for tour activities.

   The average annual temperature is 9.5℃ and the average annual precipitation is about 1 000㎜.

   In spring, Pyongyang presents the scene of a sea of flowers as in Mangyongdae famous for beautiful landscape and various kinds of flowers are in full bloom on Moran Hill, which is called a garden of the capital and the streets lined up with apricot trees.

   Walking along the banks of the Taedong and Pothong rivers is fine, and the boating on the rivers adds luster to the attractiveness of the city in summer.

   The scene of Pyongyang in autumn is very charming for clear and blue sky, fresh air and autumnal tints on the hills.

   In winter when it snows in large flakes, the mild weather, white snow and frostworks give rise to a special feeling of the city.

   Pyongyang is a city associated with time-honored history, brilliant culture, wisdom and talents of the Korean nation.

   It is one of the cradles of mankind and a city of culture with 5 000-year-long history.

   There remain a lot of historical relics left by the Korean ancestors one million years ago, which prove the emergence of mankind.

   It was the capital of Ancient Joson (early 30th century B.C.-108 B.C.), the first state in Korea, and Koguryo (277 B.C.-A.D.668), a millennium power in the East. There are many historical relics showing the long history and brilliant culture of the Korean people, including the Mausoleum of Tangun, founder-king of Ancient Joson, and the Mausoleum of Tongmyong, founder-king of Koguryo.

   After Korea’s liberation from the Japanese military occupation on August 15, Juche 34 (1945), Pyongyang began to open a new page in the history of its development as the capital of the DPRK.

   In the city there is the native home in Mangyongdae where the President was born.

   In the city the glorious Workers’ Party of Korea was founded in October Juche34 (1945) and the DPRK, in September Juche37 (1948).

   During the three-year-long Korean war (June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953), the city was completely ruined by bombing.

   After the ceasefire, it has been turned into a modern and beautiful city. It boasts of attractive green foliage and all kinds of flowers and many monumental edifices, including the Tower of the Juche Idea and the Arch of Triumph.

   Today Pyongyang is changing into a more magnificent and beautiful city of creation, construction and miracle day by day.

Tourist attractions

Sungnyong Temple

   The Sungnyong Temple is located in Central District, Pyongyang, side by side with the Sungin Temple, built in the later years of Koryo.

   There are such monumental buildings around it as the Pyongyang Students and Children’s Palace, Grand People’s Study House and Mansudae Fountain Park.

   Built in 1429, the temple was used as a place for holding ritual for the worship of Tangun, father of the Korean nation. The historical record Sejong Sillok (Chronicles of King Sejong) reads in part that in 1429 a shrine for worship of Tangun was built and memorial services for both Tangun and King Tongmyong were held in that building. The temple was formerly called Tangun Temple, and it was named Sungnyong Temple after memorial services for both Tangun and King Tongmyong began to be held. The present building was rebuilt in 1714.

   Both the Sungnyong Temple and Sungin Temple, located in the centre of Pyongyang, showcase the high architectural skills of the Korean nation and add national flavour to the capital city.